In Part 4 we discussed the reality-based sequence of energy flow into the system, which does work and provides heat for the planet, and compared it to the fictional set-up that climate-pseudoscience has invented so that they can vilify the beneficial, life-creating-gas of carbon dioxide. Here, let us take another look at heat-flow in the system and learn how heat is transported from the equatorial regions where sunshine is the strongest, to the polar regions where it is weakest.
In the reality-based heat flow model presented in previous posts, we see that the power of sunshine is ninety-percent as strong as +88oC for a very wide swath of the planetary diameter. The actual function which describes the power of sunshine, going from directly underneath to the Sun (which we call the “solar zenith”), to the side where the Sun’s rays just glance the edge of the Earth, is called the “cosine”. It has a value of 100% when at the zenith, and 0% when at an angle of 90 degrees, as you can see here:
It is very important for a real scientist to understand how sunshine gets distributed upon the planet, because geologists and meteorologists have observed something which they call the point of zero energy balance (ZEB). This “point” is the latitude, i.e., the angle away from the equator, at which the local amount of incoming solar energy is equal to the local amount of outgoing energy from planet Earth. This is shown the next diagram:
What the ZEB diagram explains is that more solar energy is being absorbed on the planet near the equatorial regions, than is actually emitted by the planet in that region. Or in other words, this means that the planet isn’t getting as hot in the equatorial regions as it could be, given the actual power of Sunshine heating measured there. But then, once you get past about plus or minus (±) 35 degrees in latitude, where the point of ZEB is, then there is more energy leaving the planet than is coming in from sunshine.
All meteorologists know that heat flows from the equator to the poles, and the ZEB diagram, which is based on real-world data, shows this. Given the most fundamental law of science, the Law of Conservation of Energy, we know that the solar energy which “goes missing” around the equators has to be equal to the energy which “shows up” near the poles, and we already know that heat flows from the equator to the poles.
How does the energy flow from the equator to the poles? That’s easy! It flows via, and in, the weather. But specifically, a large amount of that energy is being transported by the latent heat of the molecule H2O. There are 3 phases that water exists in on the planet, and between them, from ice to liquid, and from liquid to vapor, are regions of latent heat where water will absorb or emit energy without changing its own temperature. The amount of energy which is stored in latent heat is incredibly large. The oceans contain about 121 years’ worth of solar energy trapped inside the latent heat of liquid, and the atmosphere has about 10 days’ worth of solar energy trapped inside the latent heat of vapor.
The ZEB diagram shows that you need a mechanism for transporting that energy from the equator to the poles without showing up as actual temperature radiation until it is required. If there was ever a concept that needed to be invented to help us out, nature has created one to fit the bill for us in latent heat, and in the weather itself. What could be more efficient? Both the oceans and atmosphere circulate heat to the polar regions and bring with them an enormous amount of stored solar energy collected from the equatorial region and trapped in latent heat. This keeps the polar regions much warmer than they would otherwise be.
What does all this have to do with the fraud of the atmospheric greenhouse effect? Well, 121 years’ worth of trapped solar energy that prevents the system from dropping below 0oC can create the illusion of a “greenhouse effect”, but it is really just a natural phenomenon keeping the system much warmer in cooler regions than they would be without it. Of course, you’ve heard time and time and time over again that carbon dioxide traps heat in the atmosphere, and that it even causes the temperature to magically increase itself too. But they’ve never told you that the ocean has literally trapped 121 years’ worth of latent heat!
Carbon dioxide is supposed to trap heat by scattering infra-red light waves, so, let’s see how long this effect can trap light waves for: The thickness of the atmosphere until it gets so thin that light waves can escape freely to space is about, say, 20km in altitude. Given that the speed of light is 300,000 kilometers per second, it would take an unobstructed light wave 66.6 microseconds to get through the atmosphere. Let’s be really generous here, and say that some of the photons of the right wavelength get scattered by CO2 one-hundred times on their way out. It will then take them, rounding, about 7 milliseconds to escape from the surface to outer space. So, for just a fraction of the entire actual spectrum of outgoing infrared light, some of the light waves are trapped inside the atmosphere for 7 milliseconds.
Seven milliseconds, compared to 10 days of trapped solar energy in latent heat in the atmosphere, compared to 121 years of trapped solar energy in latent heat in the oceans.
So where is the actual heat trapping?
By inventing an artificial atmospheric greenhouse effect, and labeling both carbon dioxide and water vapor as “greenhouse gases”, they perform a trick of attributing to carbon dioxide, what in truth only water is capable of doing.