Another Botched Experiment – the Tricks of Pseudoscience

A commentator, Max, posted this comment:

I came across this recent article by Hermann Harde ( who seem to have done a proper experiment that shows that greenhouse effect “works as advertised” (although he admits there’s nothing to be worried about…). I find it interesting because Harde is a climate realist and not an alarmist by any means. I think his experiment is the first that really tries to reproduce the GH effect, and apparently his results are supporting it…

…which is making me nervous, since I was pretty much certain that the GHE was debunked

Don’t worry, Max. The RGHE fails the most basic laws of physics, math, science, and thermodynamics. We’ve been through all of this before.

Here is a link to the full pdf of the above experiment. What follows are my comments about the “experiment”:

“We measure the additional warming of a pre-heated plate due to back-radiation of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide as a function of the gas concentration, and we derive from the observed warming the radiative forcing of these gases.”

It really sounds like they have the conclusion they want already pre-determined. The experiment doesn’t look like it actually performs what needs to be tested, and for some reason they write-off the Woods experiment, and that is all that they would have had to do themselves is to repeat that.

They also then say that while the Woods-style experiment:

“answers the question how far a reduced IR transmission can warm a compartment {which was zero, as they admit}, it gives no information about interaction of greenhouse gases with IR radiation.”

And that is a load of bullocks right there. Here we have the quintessential alarmist talking point and pseudoscience, that physics behaves in a special way for GHG’s, and not the same way for other scenarios where the exact same physics should occur, such as Woods’ box experiment.

All you need to do to demonstrate the RGHE is Woods’ experiment, with a plate on top of a box. And these experiments always show no RGHE…they’re heated to what the Sun can do, and that’s it…

Max, ALL of thermodynamics is based on heat flow, and the equations for heat flow, which is all about the action from warm to cold. Cold does not radiatively or conductively increase the temperature of warm.

1) They dismiss the Woods’ experiments as not being relevant when they are precisely and perfectly relevant, providing all of the backradiation one requires to test the GHE, just as ALL greenhouse buildings in existence do. The Woods experiments use a passive ceiling, which can “emit backradiation” according to prescription, and they do not demonstrate backradiation heating. Claiming that the exact same physics will work differently with a partially-emissive gas for the ceiling which cannot “backradiate” as well as a fully-emissive solid surface is, simply, pseudoscientific sophistry. A solid surface with full emission of “backradiation” doesn’t perform the RGHE at all, whereas a partially-emissive gas does? That’s not logical, rational, or could follow the existing laws of physics of emission.

2) They actually have two power sources, indicated by the supply feed to provide the temperature of the “Earth plate”, as well as the supply feed to provide the temperature of the “atmosphere plate”. This is no a longer a system which represents the Earth and atmosphere, and thus, the experiment isn’t even the correct experiment, anymore. The Woods-type experiment is the correct one, where you have a heated surface, and a passive receiver ceiling. Their receiver, the “atmosphere plate”, is not passive, but has a power supply attached to it via the supply feed to provide its temperature. So that’s two independent power systems, which is not what the Earth experiences, nor what the Woods experiments do. The real atmosphere does not have an independent power system or supply feed doing something to its temperature, and neither do the Woods experiments, and hence, you find consistency between the Woods experiments and the actual Earth & atmosphere: we do not ever measure temperatures above the heating potential of sunlight on the surface of Earth.

3) The moon’s surface gets hotter than Earth’s…it gets as high as the heating potential of sunlight. The Earth’s surface stays far cooler than the heating potential of sunlight.

4) We have the explanation for why the bottom of the atmosphere is its warmest part, due to the adiabatic gradient and the definition of an average,

So, there you go.

Nepal says:

So… basically they threw out the Woods experiment, which is a good representation of the earth-atmosphere system, and substituted another experiment, which is not a good representation of the earth-atmosphere system?

More precisely: They threw out the Woods experiment claiming that it is not a good representation of the physics in question because it uses a solid ceiling for backradiation instead of a gas for backradiation, and substituted another experiment which they claim is a better representation of the Earth-atmosphere system because the new experiment has gas in it to create backradiation instead of a ceiling. They admit that the Woods experiment does not show a RGHE, and so in this way they ignore it, because they imply that backradiation from a gas can do what backradiation from a solid ceiling does not do. They don’t answer or explain why backradiation from gas can create a RGHE but backradiation from a solid ceiling cannot, they merely take it for granted that you will accept that because their experiment has gas in it, then it is more like the Earth-atmosphere, hence a “more valid” experiment than Woods’. They then also proceed to have two power sources managing the two temperatures involved, which is of course, not at all like the Earth-Sun system or Earth-atmosphere system…but because their experiment has gas in it then it is more like Earth and that’s all that matters.

It’s a complete train wreck. I’ve been through all this before. Whether they’re retarded, amateur, or hostile, they have no sense of experimentation, and that what you experiment upon is the underlying physics, the mechanism of the physics, precisely, and how it should occur, and what it should do by itself. The Woods’ experiment does all that. They made up something that isn’t the thing any longer…even though they pretend it is by cutely using gas “which is like the atmosphere” instead of a ceiling, even though this would give better backradiation than a gas! But then the experiment is botched even if they were going to use a gas instead of a ceiling, because they use more than one power source…the cooler plate isn’t passive.

Train wreck.

You see how sophistry works? How sophistry can trick science?

The Woods experiment represents the underlying physics involved, and in a more perfect way, because you can get full transmission of solar and full blockage and “backradiation” (per prescription, ostensibly) of IR. Woods experiments, and all greenhouses, should easily demonstrate the RGHE, as they (should) perform the underlying physics involved more perfectly than the partially-emissive atmosphere. They don’t perform the supposed underlying physics of the RGHE involved, because it doesn’t exist.

Ah, but – do you not find this following believable?:

“The Woods experiments use a solid ceiling for backradiation, whereas the Earth-atmosphere system actually uses a gas for backradiation. Therefore, the Woods experiment doesn’t actually represent the Earth-atmosphere system, and therefore its results do not apply to the Earth-atmosphere.”

You see what was done there?

That being said, a gas “ceiling” and a solid ceiling would actually perform the same in terms of the underlying physics of “backradiation” ostensibly having some heating effect. And so that is to say: a Woods experiment using gas as the ceiling would show the same results as with a solid ceiling, because the physics is actually still the same, and that result would be NO observation of a RGHE heating.

So what do you do about that, then? You botch the experiment, and create an experiment that is no longer what you actually need to test in terms of the underlying physics, but pretend it is a better experiment “because it has gas which is like the atmosphere”, and hope that most people can’t tell what you botched…which most people, even scientists, wouldn’t.

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181 Responses to Another Botched Experiment – the Tricks of Pseudoscience

  1. To experts in thermal physics, the killer disproof of the greenhouse gas effect is that Earth’s atmosphere isn’t a black body radiator like the surfaces of the Sun and Earth. Game, set, and match. When will the IPCC disband and give the money back?

  2. CD Marshall says:

    Still say put a bottle out at night with a temp gauge. No heating, just ambient nighttime temperatures. If the ghge was real, the bottle would heat up exponentially by IR alone. A bottle of CO2 would be cheating since the air isn’t 100% CO2 the claim is 420 ppm is heating the planet up.

  3. Max Polo says:

    Thanks, Joe, well explained and well said. I think you should send your note to Harde. It’s time to challenge these false beliefs. Historyscoper, your links are extremely interesting although they require time to be digested. I’ll go through them for sure. CD, didn’t think about that…it’s like Harde’s experiment “it’s more valid because it has the real atmosphere in it…” 😉

  4. boomie789 says:

  5. Joseph E Postma says:


  6. MP says:

    The Pentagram of of the Venus celestial path around earth

  7. J Cuttance says:

    Wouldn’t the lower thermal conductivity of CO2 (compared to air) prevent heat from getting conducted down to the cold plate?

  8. Joseph E Postma says:

    @MP – another “Just a coincidence!”

    Again, like I say in the OP: all of these coincidences are impossible, when they demonstrate such fundamental mathematical relations and mathematical objects, etc. They demonstrate that this entire fn place is consciously designed…as I say in my last video…the singularity is maximally conscious…it’s “God”…but, it is actually made of us!

  9. Joseph E Postma says:

    “Wouldn’t the lower thermal conductivity of CO2 (compared to air) prevent heat from getting conducted down to the cold plate?”

    I suppose. Good point.

  10. Joseph E Postma says:

    @MP – sorry, I meant the other OP…previous…you likely meant to post that there…you should do that pls.

  11. Max Polo says:

    Funny that another recent experiment (2020) referenced in Harde’s paper shows no “backradiation heating”…and, it also uses gas “which is like the atmosphere” 🙂

  12. PB2505 says:

    Did I read this correctly in the Conclusion??

    “A declining GHE with reduced temperature difference between the plates is clearly observed”

    So if the atmosphere was colder the surface would be warmer???

    Or if the surface was warmer the Atmosphere would be colder???

    This paper is utterly ludicrous !!!

  13. MP says:

    @ JP

    The post was complimentary to the boomie meme.

    But yea. If the flooding in previous OP stops it can be used for mainly on topic again

  14. Barry says:

    The problem with this exp is he starts measuring way before the temp has equalized. Great slight of hand but nothing else. You would have to wait for hours to get a real result not just put a shield over ice and then remove claiming it was the ice making it warmer when clearly not waiting for equilibrium in the first place. Another not scientific experiment.

  15. MP says:

    @ JP

    The flooding in previous OP doesn’t stop

    So to have mainly conversations on both subjects again there are 2 options

    A – New topic about the universal “coincidences”

    B – New topic about the never ending conversation about Helmholtz energy

    Well, just throwing in 2 options. There are of course more options

  16. boomie789 says:

    The moon and the sun being the same size in the sky.

  17. MP says:

    @ Boomie

    “The moon and the sun being the same size in the sky”

    Nice one

    Pic related is another one

  18. boomie789 says:

    That reminds of one that was related to CO2. It has 666 somewhere in it.

  19. boomie789 says:

    O maybe it was just the carbon atom.

  20. Joseph E Postma says:

    Yah that’s its wave number.

    Again – just another coincidence!

    For those that don’t know, re: the Venus pentagram…it is not merely that it is a pentagram, the pentagram also encodes the golden ratio, which makes the pentagram a very, very special mathematical object.

  21. MP says:

    Axial tilt related to a 90 degree straight corner

  22. CD Marshall says:

    This is not clearing it up much for me. 😂

    Spring Potential Energy:
    Since the change in Potential energy of an object between two positions is equal to the work that must be done to move the object from one point to the other, the calculation of potential energy is equivalent to calculating the work. Since the force required to stretch a spring changes with distance, the calculation of the work involves an integral.

    The work can also be visualized as the area under the force curve:

    Elastic Potential Energy
    Elastic potential energy is Potential energy stored as a result of deformation of an elastic object, such as the stretching of a spring. It is equal to the work done to stretch the spring, which depends upon the spring constant k as well as the distance stretched. According to Hooke’s law, the force required to stretch the spring will be directly proportional to the amount of stretch.
    Since the force has the form

    F = -kx

    then the work done to stretch the spring a distance x is

  23. Rosco says:

    The greenhouse effect was completely demolished 100 years before it had even been thought of.

    As Joe has repeatedly and tightly said it relies on the radiation from a colder object inducing warming in a warmer object !

    “Towards the end of the eighteenth century it was discovered by Marc-Auguste Pictet of Geneva
    that cold emanations from a flask of snow could be reflected and focused by mirrors in the same
    way as the emanations from a heated object. Pictet’s discovery had an invigorating effect on
    research on radiant heat. ”

    “The inverse experiment, of collecting and focusing heat by means of concave mirrors, is today a popular lecture demonstration. Pictet’s experiment, involving the apparent radiation and reflection of cold, is not very widely known. Most physicists, on seeing it demonstrated for the first time, find it surprising and even puzzling.”

    The simple fact proven by Pictets is that thermodynamics where heat flow is a one way phenomenon and always from hot to cold is proven by experiment – the reverse has never been demonstrated !

    What I found condescending in this paper is that the authors had to “explain” using modern terminology.

    But Pictet had it exactly right and said so !

    He explained that in his experiment the thermometer became the source of heat being hotter than the flask of ice and it radiated heat to the flask whilst its temperature dropped !

    This demolishes any pseudoscience named the “greenhouse effect” – it doe’t exist !

  24. J Cuttance says:

    Rosco, an important consideration in the ‘cold emanation’ is the fact that the focussing mirror blocked ambient warmth from maintaining the thermometer’s temperature.

  25. asam says:

    Why not send your rebuttal to all the best

  26. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Rosco wrote:
    “Most physicists, on seeing it demonstrated for the first time, find it surprising and even puzzling.”

    They find it “surprising and even puzzling” because the education they’ve received hasn’t instilled in them the necessary foundational knowledge such that they can instantly recognize it for what it is… energy flowing from the warmer temperature measurement device at the focal point of one mirror to the cooler object at the focal point of the other mirror (and in losing energy, the temperature measurement device registers a lower temperature), said mirrors creating a view factor wherein object and temperature measurement device can only ‘see’ each other and nothing else.

    Pictet proved as much 222 years ago, and the warmists have yet to pick up on that reality… because embracing ancient and outdated information (such as the long-debunked Prevost’s Principle from 1791 which claims that energy can flow willy-nilly without regard to the energy density gradient because only an object’s internal state determines radiant exitance, none of which is true) is fundamental to advancing CAGW… without that, the warmists have nothing.

    In so proving, Pictet proved that energy only flows down an energy density gradient unless external energy does work upon that system energy to push it up the gradient (as happens in, for example, your refrigerator).

    Most people cannot think in terms of energy, energy density and energy density gradient. We need to analogize to something they’re familiar with.

    Just as I’ve been stating, energy density and pressure have the same units, energy density gradient and pressure gradient have the same units. Thus, just as, for instance, water only spontaneously flows down a pressure gradient, energy only spontaneously flows down an energy density gradient.

    That’s 2LoT, in a nutshell.

    So one tack to take is to ask people if water can ever spontaneously flow uphill. Of course they’ll say, “No, water cannot flow uphill on its own.”

    Then show them dimensional analysis:
    Force: [M1 L1 T-2]
    Area: [M0 L2 T0]
    Pressure: [M1 L-1 T-2]
    Length: [M0 L1 T0]
    Pressure Gradient: [M1 L-2 T-2]

    Explain to them that pressure is the result of Force / Area. That Pressure Gradient is Pressure / Length.

    Remind them that water only spontaneously flows down a pressure gradient.

    Then introduce energy. Tell them that energy is much like water. It requires an impetus to flow, just as water requires an impetus (pressure gradient) to flow. In the case of energy, that impetus is an energy density gradient, which is analogous to (and in fact, literally is) a radiation pressure gradient.

    Energy: [M1 L2 T−2]
    Volume: [M0 L3 T0]
    Energy Density: [M1 L-1 T-2]
    Length: [M0 L1 T0]
    Energy Density Gradient: [M1 L-2 T-2]

    Explain to them that Energy Density is Energy / Volume, and Energy Density Gradient is Energy Density / Length.

    Highlight the fact that Pressure and Energy Density have the same units (bolded above). Also highlight the fact that Pressure Gradient and Energy Density Gradient have the same units (bolded above).

    So we’re talking about the same concept as water only spontaneously flowing down a pressure gradient (ie: downhill) when we talk of energy only flowing down an energy density gradient.

    And since a warmer object will have higher energy density at all wavelengths than a cooler object:

    … ‘backradiation’ can do nothing to warm the surface because energy cannot spontaneously flow from lower to higher energy density, and thus CAGW is nothing more than a complex mathematical scam perpetrated to obtain multiple billions of dollars in funding for trough-grubbing line-toeing ‘scientists’ and to push a Marxist One World Government “Build Back Better” agenda.

    Watch heads implode as people realize they’ve been lied to, that CAGW is a tyrannous cake baked of distortions layered upon fabrications and topped with biggity prevarication. Watch cognitive dissonance in action for those who refuse to believe their government would lie to them. Watch the infantilized who truly believe their government has the best interests of the people closest to heart attempt to reconcile their brainwashing-from-birth with reality. And, perhaps most importantly, watch climastrologists and warmist physicists scramble for the exits.

  27. CD Marshall says:

    Heat Wave
    A period of abnormally and uncomfortably hot and unusually humid weather. Typically a heat wave lasts two or more days.

    They changed the definition to stir “heat waves”.

    “…A heat wave is defined as at least 4 days with an average temperature that would be expected to occur once every 10 years based on historical data for that area.”

    Somehow a “historical heat wave” no longer exists.

  28. CD Marshall says:

    …The bottom was the definition of a heatwave in 2008.

  29. Leon says:

    Hey all,
    Don’t know where else to post this but I’m sure you’ve all heard the news by now that JT is now making war on farmers over N2O, reducing 30% of fertilizer for farming. Is .00003% the new .04%? Looking forward to JP making a thread on how ridiculous this is and what we can learn about N2O. I can’t convey enough how frustrating it is when these ass hats just arbitrarily make edicts with no science to back them. Right in the middle of a recession, inflation and the collapse of society, all going as planned. I guess the end game is to force farmers into bankruptcy so the gov can come swoop in and commandeer all the land. Then, make us eat the bugs.

  30. MP says:

    @ Leon

    Great subject. Some of it is already discussed in this topic

    Found a nice pdf from the Environment and Climate Change Canada to get more scientific insight in their viewpoints, will post it there

  31. Kooks – what do all the letters and numbers stand for?

    Force: [M1 L1 T-2]
    Area: [M0 L2 T0]
    Pressure: [M1 L-1 T-2]
    Length: [M0 L1 T0]
    Pressure Gradient: [M1 L-2 T-2]

    Energy: [M1 L2 T−2]
    Volume: [M0 L3 T0]
    Energy Density: [M1 L-1 T-2]
    Length: [M0 L1 T0]
    Energy Density Gradient: [M1 L-2 T-2]

    Why have elements to the zeroth power? I think this is what you mean, and I will attempt to reinterpret with SI units instead of whatever the heck insanity you’ve written there…must be be some insane imperial units thing or something

    Force = mass * acceleration: [kg m s-2]
    Area = square meters: [m2]
    Pressure = Force / Area: [kg m-1 s-2]
    Length = distance in meters: [m]
    Pressure Gradient = Pressure / Length: [kg m-2 s-2]

    Energy = kinetic or potential = (ex.) 0.5mv^2 or mgh: [kg m2 s-2]
    Volume = cubic meters: [m3]
    Energy Density = Energy / Volume: [kg m-1 s-2]
    Length = distance in meters: [m]
    Energy Density Gradient = Energy Density / Length: [kg m-2 s-2]

    “Pressure and Energy Density have the same units (bolded above)”

    That’s a very nice result. You can pretty much do all physics and understand how it all works simply through unit analysis. If we know mechanics quite well – and we do – then you can trivially analogize other things which seem much less intuitive and indirect. This is a good example.

    And the conclusions do follow…they have to…because the units are the same, and so they must do the same thing. Water only flows downhill…energy likewise must only flow downhill, because the units are the same. If you have two water reservoirs, one higher than the other…the lower one doesn’t flow into the higher one while the higher one flows into the lower, with the result being that the lower gets the net. There is ONLY the net flow, from the higher to the lower. Same must be true therefore for energy since the units are the same.

    The math is the SAME…it is a matter of correct interpretation…NOT show the result math where the lower reservoir does not flow into the higher“. The math is the SAME…the solution is that YOU do not need to think of the lower reservoir flowing into the higher…the solution is that you throw out the idea that the lower flows into the higher while the higher flows to the lower…and keep the math since the math is the same for both interpretations…but with unit analysis, now we know the correct interpretation.

    This would also explain why heat has the same units as energy…heat just IS energy…but the question is whether energy can actually flow or not…and if it does, it does work (heat)…otherwise, no flow, no work, etc.

  32. Jopo says:

    Mass, Length and Time

  33. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Joseph E Postma wrote:
    “Kooks – what do all the letters and numbers stand for?”

    That’s dimensional analysis… it’s especially useful when attempting to balance an equation. Remember that an intermediate result need not make sense as regards its dimensions, but an end result must always make sense as regards its dimensions. That’s why I was struggling so much with what Jopo uncovered, I couldn’t move forward until I’d found a unit conversion which fit such as to give a proper end result… but doing dimensional analysis is what helped me to uncover some of the correlations we found.

    The dimensions are:

    Joseph E Postma wrote:
    “Why have elements to the zeroth power?”

    That’s just to point out, in a dimensional analysis that is using the given dimensions, that that particular parameter doesn’t use that particular dimension,

    Joseph E Postma wrote:
    “The math is the SAME…it is a matter of correct interpretation…”

    Yes, in fact it’s the same for electrical theory, fluid flow, thermodynamics and a whole host of other branches of science… the equations for each branch are derivations of the same base formulae. That’s how I was able to analogize thermodynamics to electrical theory here:

    Joseph E Postma wrote:
    “This would also explain why heat has the same units as energy…heat just IS energy…but the question is whether energy can actually flow or not…and if it does, it does work (heat)…otherwise, no flow, no work, etc.”

    Exactly so… energy density and pressure have the same units because they are the same thing, just as heat and energy having the same units because they’re the same thing, just as work and free energy have the same units because they’re essentially the same thing.

    ‘Heat’ is defined as energy in motion, as an energy flux… but energy can only flow radiatively if work can be done, if there is a radiation pressure gradient, an energy density gradient. The same holds true for conduction, energy can only flow if there is a temperature and therefore an energy density gradient (remember that temperature is a measure of energy density, equal to the fourth root of energy density divided by Stefan’s Constant). That energy density gradient means there is free energy, and thus that work can be done.

  34. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    So for instance:
    Force: [M1 L1 T-2]
    Area: [M0 L2 T0]
    Pressure: [M1 L-1 T-2]
    Length: [M0 L1 T0]
    Pressure Gradient: [M1 L-2 T-2]

    If you take Force over Area to get Pressure, you get:
    [M1 L1 T-2] / [M0 L2 T0] = [M1 L-1 T-2]

    Let’s line it up vertically to make it easier to see:
    [M1 L1 T-2] /
    [M0 L2 T0] =
    [M1 L-1 T-2]

    You’ll see the M1 carries through (M1 – M0 = M1), the L2 is subtracted from the L1 to arrive at L-1, and the T-2 carries through (T-2 – T0 = T-2)… and that gives you Pressure from Force and Area.

    That’s for division… Force / Area in this example.

    If you were multiplying, you’d instead add the contents of the two brackets together.

    Area: [M0 L2 T0]
    Length: [M0 L1 T0]
    Volume: [M0 L3 T0]

    Area * Length = Volume
    L2 + L1 = L3

  35. Yes I know what you were doing…just giving you a hard time…SI units are more intuitive…T looks like temperature but it meant time; M should mean meters but it meant mass, perhaps not so bad; and L…ugh…L is ugly…and length is a distance which should be meters. Then throw in the 0’s and the lack of superscripts.

    Anyway, I made it read nicer I think.

    Force = mass * acceleration: [kg m s-2]
    Area = square meters: [m2]
    Pressure = Force / Area: [kg m-1 s-2]
    Length = distance in meters: [m]
    Pressure Gradient = Pressure / Length: [kg m-2 s-2]

    Energy = kinetic or potential = (ex.) 0.5mv^2 or mgh: [kg m2 s-2]
    Volume = cubic meters: [m3]
    Energy Density = Energy / Volume: [kg m-1 s-2]
    Length = distance in meters: [m]
    Energy Density Gradient = Energy Density / Length: [kg m-2 s-2]

    But yes…M, L, T are independent of measurement system, not that it matters for dimensional analysis.

  36. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Some people don’t include the number if they mean 1:
    [M L-1 T-2]

    I don’t like to do that, I like to include a number with each dimension, even if that number is zero… it makes it more difficult to mess things up.

    Some people drop a dimension if it’s not used for that particular parameter:
    Volume: [L3]

    I don’t like to do that, I include all dimensions used for the problem being analyzed. That way one can line up the brackets vertically and it’s super easy to add or subtract values to arrive at the correct dimensionality for the end result.

  37. “That energy density gradient means there is free energy, and thus that work can be done.”

    And yes that is of course a fundamental feature of thermodynamics and entropy maximization…at heat “death”, all temperatures are equal, and no more work can be done. You need a gradient to do work…work means movement…means energy is available.

  38. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    There are no superscripts. It’s just a measure of the dimensionality of a parameter. It’s used to ensure your math makes sense in a dimensional sense.

    For instance, if you’re calculating for energy density and your end result has dimensions of:
    [M2 L-1 T-2]
    … you know you’ve messed up somewhere, and you’ll have to go back and find and fix the error.

  39. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Joe Postma wrote:
    “And yes that is of course a fundamental feature of thermodynamics and entropy maximization…at heat “death”, all temperatures are equal, and no more work can be done. You need a gradient to do work…work means movement…means energy is available.”

    Yes, you’ve got it. You’d be surprised how many physicists don’t, which I still struggle to figure out why.

    You’ll note that cuts the legs out from under CAGW… it has absolutely no basis in reality, and in fact is an inversion of reality, an inversion of causality… because as I’ve often said, the easiest lie to tell is that consisting of an inversion of reality. One needn’t invent new physics to explain their lie, they can use standard physics and just insist upon inverting causality and reality… most people cannot tell the difference.

    It is only when one gets down into the weeds that one notices that the climastrologist take on radiative energy exchange violates 2LoT, Stefan’s Law, the Principle of Least Action, the Principle of Entropy Maximization and a whole host of other fundamental physical laws and principles.

    In short, it is now mathematically provable that CAGW is nothing more than a scam.

  40. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    The base physical quantities in the MLT dimensional analysis system are:

    length (L)
    mass (M)
    time (T)
    electric current (A)
    thermodynamic temperature (K or θ)
    amount of substance (N)
    luminous intensity (J)

    Then you have the derived quantities:

    The MLT system is described in ISO/IEC 80000.

    There used to be a long list of derived quantities online, encompassing pretty much everything, but I can’t find it now. If I do, I’ll post it.

  41. Oh, I didn’t know that. When I learned it, it was just via common units.

  42. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Well, this is a shorter version of what I was talking about…

  43. CD Marshall says:

    “…at heat “death”, all temperatures are equal, and no more work can be done. You need a gradient to do work…work means movement…means energy is available.”

    Do you mean all T in contact are equal or equal as in no work is available to create heat or both?

  44. Immortal600 says:

    Joe, please don’t delete lol@KKK’s comments! They are valuable to our cause.

  45. @Immortal600

    I thought I just deleted all the annoying Helmholtz Free Energy stuff from everyone including Anna and Nepal too.

    Hmmm…oops…maybe I deleted more than that.

    In any case, Kooks can restate whatever needs to be…like he/we just did. Not a big deal. The energy density gradient thing, and the unit analysis about it, is really neat, and great, and as discussed, I think it is a better explanation of how it all occurs, and it is also more consistent with the life of a photon, etc.

  46. Anna says:

    Dear Joe,

    If we are discussing analogies between pressure/fluid flow and temperature/energy flow then consider the following.

    Take a gas enclosed in a box. There is no pressure gradient and no net fluid flow. However, there are molecules bouncing around and traveling in all directions. Microscopically there are “flows” at the molecular level in all directions. In fact, the pressure on the right side of the box comes from molecules moving to the right and colliding with the right wall of the box, and the pressure on the left side comes from molecules moving to the left. Just because there is no net flow at the macroscopic level does not rule out flows at the microscopic level. The depth of our understanding of the thermodynamics of gases comes from knowing what is going on microscopically and building it up to its macroscopic consequences. This is the goal of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics.

    The same is true for photons and heat flow due to radiation. Einstein made similar types pf statistical calculations in his celebrated paper that introduced the Einstein coefficients.

    When I provided the derivation of the heat flow between two graybody plates I used the following equation for the radiosity of plate B.

    JB = eB sigma TB^4 + (1-eB) JA

    In the “all objects emit” interpretation eB sigma TB^4 is the amount of energy emitted by plate B and (1-eB) JA is the amount of radiation energy traveling from plate A towards plate B that is reflected by plate B.

    Since you have said that the math is the same but the interpretation is different, how are these two terms in the mathematical equation interpreted in the “the colder object does not emit” interpretation?

    Best regards,


  47. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    We can even use dimensional analysis in regards to Relativity…

    We all know of Einstein’s equation:
    E^2 = p^2 c^2 + m^2 c^4

    Just looking at invariant-mass matter:
    E = m c^2
    m = E / c^2

    Remember that the base quantities in the dimensional analysis system are:
    mass (M)
    length (L)
    time (T)
    electric current (A)
    thermodynamic temperature (K or θ)
    amount of substance (N)
    luminous intensity (J)

    The full dimensional analysis bracketry for Mass is:
    [M1 L0 T0 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    But mass also equals energy divided by the speed of light squared:
    Energy: [M1 L2 T-2 A0 K0 N0 J0]
    Velocity: [M0 L1 T-1 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    So we line the brackets up vertically and subtract (since we’re dividing, we subtract the dimensions… if we were multiplying, we’d add them):
    [M1 L2 T-2 A0 K0 N0 J0]
    [M0 L1 T-1 A0 K0 N0 J0]
    [M0 L1 T-1 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    And that gives:
    M1 – M0 – M0 = M1
    L2 – L1 – L1 = L0
    T-2 – T-1 – T-1 = T0

    Mass: [M1 L0 T0 A0 K0 N0 J0]

  48. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    We can do the same for energy:
    E = m c^2

    Energy: [M1 L2 T-2 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    Mass: [M1 L0 T0 A0 K0 N0 J0]
    Velocity: [M0 L1 T-1 A0 K0 N0 J0]
    Velocity: [M0 L1 T-1 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    And that gives:
    [M1 L2 T-2 A0 K0 N0 J0]

  49. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Conversely, we can look at the other side of Einstein’s equation for massless entities such as photons:
    E = p c

    Energy: [M1 L2 T-2 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    That’s momentum:
    [M1 L1 T-1 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    And velocity:
    [M0 L1 T-1 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    [M1 L1 T-1 A0 K0 N0 J0]
    [M0 L1 T-1 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    That gives:
    Energy: [M1 L2 T-2 A0 K0 N0 J0]

    Energy is energy, no matter its form. It obeys the same laws and exhibits the same behaviors no matter its form.

  50. ashemann says:

    All those replies are interesting, the woods thing, the hardie thing, back radiation etc, the 2nd heat source etc, all interesting, anyway it is my experience that the sun heats the air first as it comes up over the horizon, the surface eventually catches up and over takes air temp, just not when the sun is at such a shallow angle.

    Funny too how they reject the much denser ceilings far greater radiative output because it didn’t show the results the wanted, instead they added the heat they needed to show what they wanted with a secondary heat source to a far less dense top instead.

  51. Exactly asheman.

  52. J Cuttance says:

    ashemann, can I ask you to elaborate on your comment a bit? Just pretend, um yeah, pretend, that I’m stupid.

  53. CD Marshall says:

    At what point in the atmosphere does KE become PE?

    Is it a temperature barrier or a pressure barrier or are both relative? As the atmosphere is dynamic this is not an easy question. But the troposphere does expand during diurnal phases, which would indicate KE is contained more often under the tropopause. SSWs would indicate the stratosphere can be breached. The thermosphere gets warmer by the Sun but has very little to no KE due to the scarcity of molecules.

  54. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    I would think any time the atom or molecule collides and is sent off in a direction going upward, that it’s trading translational mode (kinetic) energy for gravitational potential energy… gravity attempts to slow it down as it attempts to rise in altitude.

    Conversely, as an atom or molecule collides and is sent off in a direction going downward, it’s trading gravitational potential energy for translational mode (kinetic) energy… gravity attempts to speed it up as if falls.

  55. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Herb Rose over at PSI makes a very good point, in the comments for the identical article as the above.

    Essentially, it boils down to the fact that thermometers measure the translational mode (kinetic) energy of atmospheric particles (atoms or molecules), the thermal mass of the thermometer ‘smearing out’ the energy imparted to or taken from the thermometer by atmospheric particles to arrive at the mean, but there is another factor… that of radiative emission to / from the thermometer. At the surface, that’s a negligible factor, but as altitude increases it becomes proportionally more important, to the point that at the thermosphere, the particles have very high kinetic temperature, but the energy lost by the thermometer due to radiation dominates, so it registers a low temperature. For the same reason, despite the fact that the particles are extremely ‘hot’ (high kinetic temperature) in the thermosphere, you’d freeze to death radiatively.

    The lapse rate is a measure of temperature. It’s compared to surface temperature, but they’re not comparable due to that radiative term.

    Temperature is a measure of energy density, equal to the fourth root of energy density divided by Stefan’t Constant, but that’s at the surface… so it may be that Stefan’s Constant is yet another constant that isn’t constant. Stefan’s Constant was derived at Earth’s surface, and thus bakes-in atmospheric density and thus the conditions at that atmospheric density.

    We should be measuring energy density instead. That would, I suspect, show us that energy density decreases with altitude for terrestrial radiation… and that would absolutely destroy CAGW. I’ll be working on that next.

    Stefan’s Constant is:
    (Energy / (Area * Time)) / (Temperature)^4

    It has dimensions of:

    Energy: [M1 L2 T–2 K0]
    Area: [M0 L2 T0 K0]
    Time: [M0 L0 T1 K0]

    Result: [M1 L0 T-3 K0]

    Temperature: [M0 L0 T0 K1]^4

    Which gives: [M1 L0 T-3 K-4]

    It calculates the power emitted for a given temperature.

    But that’s predicated upon there being a certain balance between thermalization and radiative emission, it’s predicated upon having a dense enough atmosphere such that the particles have a shorter time between collisions than time to radiative deexcitation. It was measured at Earth’s surface and thus takes into account atmospheric density and the conditions prevalent due to that atmospheric density.

    That’s not the case in the upper atmosphere, and thus Stefan’s Constant may not be a constant. It seems a lot of our ‘constants’ are only constants at Earth’s surface or under certain very specific conditions… which means they’re not really constants.

    T = 4^√(e/a)

    Energy Density: [M1 L-1 T-2 K0]
    Stefan’s Constant: [M1 L0 T-3 K-4]

    Result: [M0 L-1 T1 K4]
    Velocity: [M0 L1 T-1 K0]

    Apparently the speed of light is baked-in to the calculation above, because:
    e = T^4 a
    a = 4σ/c
    e = T^4 4σ/c
    T^4 = e/(4σ/c)
    T = 4^√(e/(4σ/c))
    T = 4^√(e/a)

    That gives: 4^√[M0 L0 T0 K4]

    Which is:
    Temperature: [M0 L0 T0 K1]

  56. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Joe, you made someone butthurt and now they’re defaming you with absurd lies… just as I told you they would, because they’re not whom they claim themselves to be, they are instead a mission-posting idiotic sockmonger who claims continual 2LoT violations are the cause of CAGW.

  57. Hahaha…you think that’s really him, or some asshat, or it all just asshattery all around?

    Someone sure likes sock accounts and faking sock accounts and pretending to be other people sock accounts, etc…lol.

  58. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    You’re an admin, you’re in contact with PSI’s admins, compare IP addresses.

    Not a big deal to me, except to say that he’s yet again following the same pattern of behavior he showed with climate skeptic Dave Burton… and with Dr. Charles R. Anderson, PhD… and with Dr. Ed Berry… and with Immortal600… and with me (but I remain pseudonymous and my pseudonym doesn’t make it easy for him to hijack and spew warmist tripe as he’s done with others, so his tactics aren’t really effective against me)… all of which he later admitted to.

  59. Hi Anna,

    Yes, with a gas in a box at equilibrium therefore doing nothing there is still microscopic movement – but, there is no bulk movement. Bulk movement happens only when there is a differential.

    Then, for a photon gas in a box, we would say that at equilibrium there is a standing wave, and no travelling wave. Energy only flows in bulk when there is a gradient, which then allows a travelling wave to move bulk energy in analogy with bulk material movement.

    At least that’s how I recall Kooks describing it, and it seems to answer your question. The standing wave has “microscopic movement” of the EM wave components, but there is no bulk travelling wave until there is a differential (gradient) present.

    Yes, I think that your comment with that derivation got deleted. Would you re-post it? It nicely shows what I have always shown about how heat flow between two gray-body parallel plates…a basic textbook undergad result, but which I usually simplify, since it can be, and might as well be, since it says the same thing with fewer characters. You should reply to this “Nepal” on the PSI site comment Kook linked above that this derivation and the result has been shown by me repeatedly, ad-nauseum, for years and years.

    You asked: “Since you have said that the math is the same but the interpretation is different, how are these two terms in the mathematical equation interpreted in the “the colder object does not emit” interpretation?”

    I have answered this several times. They represent an energy density which must be overcome in order to get heat to move in that direction with a travelling wave. They also represent what would be a travelling wave from the cooler object, if the cooler object had the universe all to itself.

    Anyway, Kooks you should answer that/these question too.

  60. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Yeah, pretty much what you said, Joe, combined with what I wrote in a prior post, showing that energy requires an impetus (energy density gradient) to flow, just as water requires an impetus (pressure gradient) to flow.

    All action requires an impetus. Nothing happens without an impetus. For energy flow, just as for water flow, that impetus is literally a pressure gradient (energy density in this case is radiation pressure, free energy is another measure of that differential in radiation pressure which brings about the energy density gradient).

    Nepal’s attempting to use PSI to reply here… and he’s posting more defamation.

  61. That’s so retarded lol haha 🤣

  62. Could you imagine if that was your life? Hahaha. Oh my God why don’t they commit suicide like right fn now and relieve themselves of what must be the sheer torment. KYS right now, faggot! Lol haha. Fucking just do it, you have to, now. Come on. Fn kill yourself rn and relieve yourself and the world of your torment, faggot loser….oh my lolol.

    Whoever tf thinks that this is something to do in life…you really need to kill yourself, right fn now. It’s just so sad and pitiable, it’s too gross, even for this retard planet. You just don’t fn belong here.

    Hahaha 😆

  63. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    He does not like being proven wrong, and he’ll go to ridiculous lengths to either prove himself ‘not wrong’ (while generally proving himself even more wrong), to divert attention away from his having been proven wrong, or barring that he’ll attempt defamation, harassment, etc.

    Expect a new sock puppet to pop up any time now.

    Just FYI, he has in the past claimed to be a professor at a Midwestern college, teaching thermodynamics and mechanical theory.

  64. Nepal says:

    This goes without saying, but the “Nepal” on that site is not me and I don’t endorse any bs he says

  65. CD Marshall says:

    Easy way of doing it would be to email Nepal a new code each day and see if the other one keeps posting or in some better method. Change the code of course as needed. Any idiot who thinks heat enters space has no understanding of science since a photon carries no heat and can travel through space without ever being absorbed.

    “Barring asteroids, meteoroids, planets, moons, and other celestial bodies, most of space is a vacuum, wherein there is no matter. And whenever we say outer space, we generally mean vacuum. A perfect vacuum has no temperature, as there is nothing in a vacuum whose temperature could be measured. So, in essence, you cannot technically measure the temperature of outer space.”

  66. CD Marshall says:

    That’s Alex over at PSI the text is nearly the same as on Twitter and the Alex who came here as Alex and multiple other accounts. What is Alex? No clue.

    People can learn I agree as I have in the last 4 years. I read an old post from Nepal and he was pretty clueless, now he is arguing physics with Kooks. He did sound like a teenager back then.

    Compare the two he has either excelled greatly in physics or someone stole his account like they did Immortal. I am not saying Nepal is fake, he could have learned that much in a few years for sure. But maybe Joe should read the old posts and compare speech patterns.

    Sorry Nepal, not doubting Nepal is Nepal, but it is possible someone copied your account.

    However, this “Alex” can’t refrain his arrogance and Nepal doesn’t go there at least. It is very possible his brain clicked, and he started learning a lot of physics…he is at that age. At 16? He either has an extraordinary IQ or this is a pretender Nepal.

    “Nepal” hit me on Twitter as well, didn’t even sound like this Nepal he sounded like Alex, which this Nepal DOES NOT SOUND LIKE ALEX.

    Maybe Nepal should change his username work something out with Joe to keep changing it.

    I’ll leave this to Joe…HIs site his rules.

  67. Nepal says:

    Thanks CD. I will say I was clueless in climate science (the real kind, aka atmospheric thermodynamics) because I had just find Joe’s site, and Joe is the only good source for much of that physics. But the rest I’ve always had a good handle on 🙂 I took AP physics in late middle school.

  68. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    If that’s not Nepal and is instead the sockmonger ‘evenminded’ aka Alex aka a thousand other socks, it doesn’t matter what Nepal changes his moniker to, it’ll be hijacked to spew the kook’s pet hobby theory that continual 2LoT violations cause CAGW.

    If that’s not Nepal, that’s why I confused the two… because Nepal was shilling for violation of the fundamental physical laws when he claimed that energy can flow at thermodynamic equilibrium, with no impetus, no energy density gradient, to move that energy. Apologies, Nepal, for the misidentification, if that’s the case, but no apologies for bashing you for your incorrect take on energy flow.

    If that’s not Nepal, the only way to stop the kook from hijacking his pseudonym is to create a pseudonym that makes it clear which side you’re on, as I’ve done. The kook has attempted to hijack my moniker, but it didn’t work because you can’t spew warmist tripe while your hijacked pseudonym bashes you as a Klimate Katastrophe Kook. People know right away that you’re a ‘nym-hijacking blather-spewing kook, and you only get laughed at. LOL

  69. CD Marshall says:

    LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks
    I have an interesting argument.
    One hand the belief is increased water vapor is from increased surface temperatures.
    On the other, increased wv can indicate increased surface cooling.

    Increased water vapor, as I believe you mentioned, would end up being an overall coolant for it would block more direct solar radiation from reaching the surface. Eventually this would produce the cooling. Increasing water vapor (If it is really increasing in the atmosphere) would have to indicate less cloud cover somewhere. The most likely culprit would be the tropics where more solar insulation would evaporate more ocean water.

    I’m guessing they are using the claim that the troposphere is warming so it is holding more water vapor because they keep using that NASA tripe graph that claims it is warming. Which the clowns love using this graph.

  70. CD Marshall says:

    That was weird. 😁

  71. CD Marshall says:

    You’re welcome.

  72. Joseph E Postma says:

    That graph is faked data, as Tony Heller has shown.

  73. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Depends upon which measure of humidity they’re using… if they’re using Relative Humidity, if RH increases, that indicates a likely temperature drop per the psychrometric chart.

    Think about what happens during each and every day… RH is higher in the mornings and evenings when its cooler, and drops as mid-day temperature climbs.

    For my area, it starts out in the morning at 75-85% RH, and at the temperature peak it reaches 20-40% RH.

    The same thing happens long-term.

    RH has increased very slightly, which indicates a slight cooling:

  74. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    It is that decrease in RH as temperature climbs which makes evaporative cooling so effective… the evaporation of water ‘works harder’, as temperature climbs and RH drops, to bring temperature back down.

    That’s why my house has a pretty stable temperature, no matter the outdoor temperature. It’s been 110 F outdoors and the indoor temperature remained comfortable. The only ‘glitch’ is that sometimes in the afternoon, clouds will roll in, the humidity will increase, evaporative cooling will become less effective, it’ll thunder and lightning but it won’t rain, and you’re left with warm, moist air which is uncomfortable, not much evaporative cooling.

    That’s a small price to pay for not consuming ~1.55 kWh (~6.2 kW at 25% duty cycle) worth of electricity for an A/C unit, instead consuming ~120 Watts for three 20″ box fans set on medium speed, and ~3.6 GPH of water.

    A side benefit is that you get a steady supply of fresh air, and that air is filtered… the dust is pulled out of the air by the demister, and the excess water mist hitting the demister at night flushes that dust out to the ground, so the demister stays clean.

  75. ashemann says:

    CD, the frequencies of long wave IR from clouds to sea surface aid in evaporation, i forget the name of the tension layer on the surface of water, but that layer insects walk on without getting their feet wet,
    That is the layer as crazy thin as it is that the molecules get ”kicked” out off to become airborne.
    Same frequencies from co2 do the same.
    That is why they claim co2 back radiation warms the oceans, and in a way it does a millisecond before it ais in cooling them by increasing the h2o molecules vibrational state.

  76. ashemann says:

    He always sounds like Eli Rabbit, that climate kook and his mathamagics as he trolls around.

  77. Nepal says:

    Thank you for the apology Kooks.

  78. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    No problem. You’ll still have to contend with the ‘evenminded’ kook… he’s obsessed, on a mission to twist science to fit his odd hobby theory, and he won’t stop using your pseudonym until you force him to stop.

    In the past, he’s been stopped by getting him booted from the forums in which he’s hijacking ‘nyms. Get the IP address he’s using, and I might be able to track him down, ending his rein of stupidity once and for all. I’m pretty good at tracking people online, although it’s been awhile since I’ve had to do that.

    At the very least, I can ping triangulate his IP address to narrow down his location. I’ve done that in the past, getting to within 300 feet of where the person actually was. Then it’s a matter of search engine hacking and social engineering to find his exact location and identity.

    I’ve done it many times before, but the internet’s not the same as it was when I was doing it… there’s more security now. It’s not as easy to hack servers, for one, nor is it as easy to ping triangulate. But we can still use the bisection method, DDoS’ing a block of IP addresses to see if he goes offline, then narrowing down by half the block of IP addresses successively until we get his IP address.

    You’d have to taunt him mercilessly to keep him frothing for that to work, though. I used to use that on Usenet, then use hacking and social engineering to dox the more disruptive kooks, as part of my duties as Friendly Neighborhood Kook Wrangler.

  79. Jopo says:

    Sorry for the test post  H2O  ^4Strikethrough  Font family

  80. Jopo says:

    Hi COS

    Kooks I noticed you were mentioning a few times now that C is not a constant. You have alluded to that here and discussed with others here previously and elsewhere. I am not having much luck keeping up with you guys. Can you help me out please.
    My own little foray into the correlation of The Ideal gas Law and the Stefan Bolzmann law has left me with the only options being that it is the constants that are the variables. That being Planks Constant and C.
    There is a huge hole here where the variable is missing and it is like a circular loop
    Temperature is the only variable
    So my foray was using standard temp and pressure off 288K and 101325 pascals. I get the following
    PV/n = 2394.5 joules. Exploring the SB law I got the following after switching Bolzman kB for R/Na
    Have I got this right?

  81. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Hi, Jopo.

    Yes, some ‘constants’ were measured at Earth’s surface, and thus have Earth’s atmospheric density or gravitational acceleration baked-in… thus they cannot be a universal constant, they are only a ‘constant’ on Earth’s surface (and even then it’ll vary with altitude).

    The invalidation of Kirchhoff’s Law of Thermal Radiation likewise invalidates much of the universality of Planck’s units (Planck Time, Planck Length, Planck Mass, etc.)… they are not fundamental units of nature (there is no such thing), they are human-conceived units of measure just as all others are.

    In dimensional analysis terms, Planck’s Constant has units of [M1 L2 T-1]… if time and space are relative and can change with velocity and under a gravitational field or high energy density, then Planck’s Constant cannot be a universal constant.

    That’s not to say it can’t be some function of velocity, gravitational acceleration or energy density, but it’s not fixed for a velocity, gravitational acceleration or energy density which changes from one point in space-time to the next.

    Planck’s Constant is a proportionality constant which measures energy per Hz (J Hz-1). But it was only ever empirically measured on Earth’s surface. Thus it only takes Earth’s gravitational acceleration into account.

    The Hertz is defined as one cycle per second. The second changes under a varying gravitational acceleration, which is why optical clocks at different altitudes cannot remain synchronized, and why GPS satellites must adjust their time to keep in sync with clocks on the planet’s surface.

    Like I say, we need to go back and redo all of this fundamental science, ensuring that all factors are accounted for, and converting these ‘constants’ into proportionality variables.

    I believe doing so is one way by which we can move forward from the ‘particle zoo’ and ‘dark matter’ / ‘dark energy’ and the other suppositions posing as established science (such as multiple universe).

  82. Immortal600 says:

    The clown over on PSI using ‘Nepal’s’ name is ‘evenminded’ without a doubt. If he had any guts (but he doesn’t) he would stick to one moniker. However, how can we expect honesty from that fragile idiot? He’s been destroyed so many times it isn’t funny. He definitely lurks here so I know he’s reading this. ‘Evenminded’, you are gutless, a first rate coward. Remember that!

  83. IT has been here with many different handles. Still doing it, in fact. It thinks I can’t see it…but I can, and do, and I chuckle at it. Hello, faggot loser…lol.

  84. ashemann says:

    I would have loved lolkooks to have been around back in the day Joe, when the skepti scifi lot were invading the blog circuit 12 15 years ago, he would have lasted about 5 posts on the ss forum.
    He would have demolished the treehouse kids back then honeycut etc etc., andthentheresphysics etc, he wouldn’t have been tolerated or more than a dozen posts destroying their fisher-price physics.

    I’m glad this Napal is not the other jerk also

  85. boomie789 says:

    Safety Sally tyranny.

    Got the flu? Off to the gulag! Safety first.

  86. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Bwahahaha! Caught the kook in a self-contradiction… which he does frequently.

    He stated:
    “Heat transfer is a non-equilibrium process, be it by conduction, convection, or radiation.”

    I stated the same thing:
    “no energy flows at thermodynamic equilibrium”

    He claimed what I wrote is “nonsense”.

    ‘Heat’ is defined as a flow of energy, as energy transferred. We both said the same thing, then he shot himself in the foot by denying exactly that which he himself wrote… because the poor kook is just desperately slapping fyziks onto his odd hobby theory patchwork-style in the hopes it’ll fit, without understanding any of it… and when it doesn’t fit, he hopes no one notices… and when they do notice and call him on it, he backpedals and bleats until the psychological pain becomes too great, whereupon he limps away to the safety of the shrubbery to lick his wounds and nurse his savaged psyche, only to reemerge with a new sockpuppet, rinse and repeat. LOL

    Literally the definition of insanity… doing the same thing and expecting a different result.

  87. I have a post about that strategy, and included it in my book. They repeat what you said, then contradict it, then make it all mean something else. I called it Ownership Inversion Deflection.

  88. MP says:

    Old but Good masterclass about Marxist infiltration. Especially look at 11.20

    The classic Marxist infiltration tactic is not to stop an enemy but to infiltrate, gain trust, and pull it away to all kind of directions, diverting from the original direction/cause

    Martial art thingy, don’t stop an enemy strike, help it to go into the direction you want, until the enemy crashes into a wall

  89. Dealt with that many times.

    In fact, it still happens here, a lot, and quite recently.

  90. MP says:

    @ JP

    Yea, we all remember Zoe. Lol

  91. ashemann says:

    She is a clever woman Zoe, there is a lot of heat under our feet, and millions of geysers releasing is, that heat isn’t sunlight derived, and some of those geysers are huge volcanoes, nearly all of it hidden away under 100s of meters of water that is absorbing that heat, that is a huge store of slow moving energy coming up from the deep and it has to mean something, it has to have consequences in our natural environment, the only way it moves is to expand and move up.

  92. MP says:

    @ ashemann

    The current scientific estimates are probably understated but according to the current estimates daily heat from the sun vs earth core is at least 2 orders of magnitude difference

    So even if it is somewhat more than estimated it is still not much compared to the daily solar imput

  93. CD Marshall says:

    A solar physicist shill claiming warming is not from the Sun.

  94. boomie789 says:

    I think the fact that the Flux emission of earth matching perfectly with what you expect it to be from the input of the sun, shows geothermal has no input energy into the climate.


    Geothermal does have something to do with the deep ocean though. Maybe CD can remind me.

  95. Nepal says:

    Exactly, the sun shines about 1 kW/m^2 on the surface, which is enough to create the temperatures we see without additional energy input from geothermal. And anyway, the mantle is separated from the surface by at least 5 km of crust in the vast majority of the ocean, and much more than that on land. Sure the mantle is hot, but I wouldn’t be afraid to touch 3000 K through a 5 km thick rock glove.

    Interesting point about the deep sea though. Zero sunlight there, and it’s cold, so convection doesn’t mix it either. I could imagine the small amount of geothermal being important.

  96. MP says:

    The climate science geniuses changed the definition of a heatwave and now predict lots more heatwaves

  97. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Wait until they change the definition to ‘any temperature excursion beyond the mean, no matter how long or short in duration’. They’ll have the ability to declare a ‘heat wave’ each and every day, no matter what the actual temperature is, and thus to declare a ‘climate lockdown’ to ‘save the planet’.

    It’s coming, mark my words. Likely not all at once… they’ll likely try ‘any temperature excursion X beyond the mean, no matter how long or short in duration’ first. But they’ll eventually whittle X down to zero.

  98. Zelator says:

    Kooks we know they can modify the weather, create, seed tornadoes/hurricanes etc and steer them.
    It’s not improbable that a lot of these so called weather events are man made by Haarp etc to further an agenda.

  99. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    The ‘evenminded’ kook just claimed that temperature for graybody objects is a completely different measure than temperature for blackbody objects, because energy density is a completely different measure for graybody objects than energy density for blackbody objects.

    And that as he denies the existence of energy density, so he can claim energy can flow without regard to energy density gradient. He’s claimed energy “has nothing to do with work” (his words), so he can claim that energy can flow without work being done, and conversely, he must claim that work can be done without energy having to flow. Idiotic.

    Of course, he’s the thoroughly confused kook who also claimed that all atoms or molecules comprising an object all had the same exact temperature, while simultaneously claiming atoms or molecules don’t have a temperature, while simultaneously claiming that if those atoms or molecules were all moving in the same direction, they’d have a temperature “near absolute zero” (his words)

    Now, keep in mind, this is the same kook who claimed that idealized blackbody objects actually exist (they don’t exist, they’re idealizations), that graybody objects don’t exist, that graybody objects emit “graybody radiation” not blackbody radiation, that all real-world objects are selective emitters

    What a clown, he’ll spew whatever bafflegab he thinks will bolster his kooky “continual 2LoT violations cause CAGW” hobby hypothesis.

    Joe, is there any way you can convince the PSI mods to block that clown? I’ve tried… he’s hijacking a ‘nym, spewing unscientific drivel, continuing the same reality-denying behavior he’s exhibited for years and which has gotten him booted from a large number of forums.

  100. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Moron moderator over at PSI is removing my posts and keeping ‘evenminded”s posts… which tells us which side of the climate debate they’re on, given that they’ve now sided with a mission-posting kook who claims that energy can flow without regard to the energy density gradient and thus that continual 2LoT violations are what cause CAGW. That is, in toto, the warmist position. And PSI just sided with it… while at the same time siding with a stalking, defaming kook who hijacks the pseudonyms and real-life names of those who’ve proven him wrong.

    It is when one’s belief system is truly put to the test that one’s true beliefs come out… both PSI and Jo Nova sided with warmists. Strange, that. Me wonders how many other false allies are out there?

  101. Zelator says:

    Cymatics are one of the most direct ways to see how matter responds to invisible vibration;
    while indicating the role frequencies can play in telling raw matter which shape to take.

    If sound can put matter into levels of visible harmony, could it be doing the same within our bodies?

    Jones, Joness. A Subtle Energy Field Guide (p. 11). Joness Jones Studio. Kindle Edition.

    In Roslyn Chapel in France, the famous Templar cathedral depicted in Dan Brown’s movies and books, secrets were found in the architecture, and by matching these patterns with those created by cymatics, the Mitchells decoded a medieval-sounding piece of music, now known as the Rosslyn Motet:

    This is fascinating, as it demonstrates the 2nd law of thermodynamics in action, visualised using cymatics.

    Note as the frequency changes the pattern breaks down from simpler geometrical forms and regenerates as more complex geometrical forms.

    This is how entropy works and how breakdown of a system that re-orders at a higher complex level.
    This is what probably happened to the early brain, and the break down of the bicameral mind, as Julian Jaynes suggested.

    See also “Thresholds of the Mind” by Bill Harris for more on 2nd law as applied to “OPEN” systems.

    So what were they trying to tell us? Well, that we live in a matrix that is composed of an ether that responds to perturbations. What is more fascinating is that we are part and parcel of the ether as is every other form.

    However, being conscious we can manipulate the ether we exist as/in. We can heal ourselves. For example Dr. Clinton Rubin’s research proved that sound frequencies between 20 and 50 Hz can help heal bones.

    See also Royal Rife technologies for further frequency healing.

    Beverly Nation talks a lot about 5D. This is an ascension event as it is a change of frequency, and with it comes a higher existence of mind and being; it really has to, as it is the law of thermodynamics as applied to the human body.

  102. Zelator says:

    This is why meditation, or brainwave technology is so important.

    Here is a discussion with Bill Harris of Centerpointe Research:

    “The innate duality of the brain is made more acute by the fact that in virtually all people, the two hemispheres are unbalanced, a state called brain lateralization.” Alright. So, by this point, most of us know that we have a right and a left hemisphere in our brains—broadly speaking, our left side is logical and analytical while our right is holistic and intuitive.

    Sweet. Now, did you know that for most of us, our hemispheres are unbalanced? Yepperz. This
    state is called “lateralization” and the greater the lateralization of the brain, the greater
    the feelings of separation, and the greater the feelings of separation, the greater the stress,
    anxiety, and isolation.”

    Fascinating. So, how do we get our brains to be more in sync? One powerful way: Meditation.

    As Harris says: “Whatever the technique, the effect on the brain is substantially the same: synchronization of the two brain hemispheres—and after much practice, an experience of
    connection with the rest of the universe, accompanied by profound inner peace and happiness. Any
    kind of focusing will bring about a degree of brain synchronization. The greater the focus, the
    greater the synchronization, and the deeper the meditative state” ….end quote.

    Meditation alters brainwaves, brainwaves are like highways, if you always use the same route
    then it will become automatic. But as you ALTER your brainwaves the brains plasticity allows for new neuronal growth. Over time you can alter your brain routes permanently. Use it or lose it takes on a whole new meaning, as you can alter bad habits or increase good ones by literally changing your brain state.

    Science used to think that we were born with a set number of neurons, and as we aged and they died they were not replaced, but research now shows that active use of the brain causes new neural pathways to form.

    (if you are interested in this a good book is “Mind to Matter” by Dawson Church, and any of the books by author Dr Joe Dispenza – he also has excellent videos available on Youtube.

    They follow the Idealism approach that perfectly compliments Joe’s Ontological math presentations. This approach is not new however but being re-discovered. Another good book to understand the esoteric principles at play in the body and the constitution of man, is a book called “A Guide to the Mysteries, by Ina Crawford).

    So like any wave, constant use will create a new state of being following the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics i.e : LAW OF INCREASING ENTROPY: The Second Law of Thermodynamics, which says that the overall amount or randomness, or entropy, in the universe is always increasing.

    The key is to challenge the brain enough were entropy increases to a point where the system collapses and re-orders at a higher level capable of performing at this new limit.

    “How is it possible, scientists wondered, that some things can evolve and grow and become more ordered when the overall tendency in the universe is for things to break down and become less ordered?

    It took over one hundred years for scientists to find an answer to this intriguing question. The answer came in 1977, in the Nobel Prize-winning work of the Russian-born, Belgian theoretical chemist, Ilya Prigogine. Prigogine became intensely curious about this major contradiction between one of the basic laws of science and equally basic observable facts, including the existence and evolution of life” :

    Above pages from Thresholds of the Mind by Bill Harris.

    This may sound scary, but your brain does it all the time, it is how we learn, adapt and push ourselves to be become better at something. As the saying goes, the definition of insanity is doing the same things over and over again, and expecting different results. This is were all this new age wishful thinking stuff doesn’t work. You actually need to change who are are to get different results.

    The old way was to first have something ( e.g money) then you can “be” someone. The new method is to “be, do, have”.

    Read a book called “Being the Solution” by Darel Rutherford for an excellent introduction and explanation of why the world has been working the wrong way round ( probably purposefully so) to stifle our natural creative power. We are POWERFUL NATURAL CREATORS! but we have been held back.

    So long gone are the days where you had to sit cross legged like a Zen monk for years on end. A life time of change and ability can be achieved in a matter of weeks rather than years, although the simple exercise of meditative contemplation has its own unique and powerful benefits, but that is for another story.

    Cheers Z

  103. Zelator says:

    The problem is the power of the principle of entropy as a vehicle of human growth was abused. This knowledge of how growth works, and instead of freeing humanity to higher endeavours, turned into slavery by their Hegelian dialectic and divide and conquer techniques.

    This ultimate goal is Synarchy. Nazi – Communism. The Illuminati or cabal or whatever you want to call them destroyed religion to corrupt the moral fibre of society so they could bring in their homo-trans agenda of Luciferianism.

    In Chapter 31 “Science Versus Reason” in “The Hidden Hand by Epperson”, he wrote:

    “The author of a book on the subject of Humanism, Claire Chambers, has stated the following in answer to this question:

    “Before man can be enslaved, his state of mind must be reduced from spirituality to carnality. He must learn to think of himself as basically an animal with no spiritual purpose. Once man is freed from his obligations to God, the way is cleared for his ultimate obedience to the Communist State as his master.”

    Another, writer H.L. Mencken, an observer at the famous Scopes evolution trial that tested the right of the state to limit school curriculums, said this: There is, it appears, a conspiracy of scientists afoot. Their purpose is to break down religion, propagate immorality, and so reduce mankind to the level of the brutes. They are the sworn and sinister agents of Beelzebub (the devil) who “yearns to conquer the world. . . “

  104. Zelator says:

    One of my posts is in moderation. The above video won’t fit in until Joe releases it. WordPress obviously doesn’t like a word in the post that is being moderated. Sorry for the confusion. To be clear the video is the last in 4 posts. Two above, one to come, and video last.
    Cheers Z

  105. boomie789 says:

  106. Zelator says:

    Love it Boomie. A “Woman” a “Man” says it all. Lol. We live in a fucking freak show.

  107. Zelator says:

    Boomie my moderated post will fit in with this entirely. Good post Boomie!

  108. boomie789 says:


  109. Zelator says:

    Yeh I watched that, its cool isn’t it! So much hidden beauty. I have some pyramid sounds from Kufu that are awesome, will try and see if there is a way to put them here. They send shivers down your spine.

  110. Zelator says:

    I actually have an album by this dude recording inside the Great Pyramid.

    Did you know that OHM “IS” the word of Creation. It fricking turns mind to matter!!!!!

    Fucking unbelievable.

    Album called “Ancient Alchemy – A Journey Documented Through Sound”.

    Amazing, it moves energy i.e emotion = energy in motion. Cool Baby.

  111. Zelator says:

    Thanks Joe, and good morning to you my friend. Link here for those awake early and got it muddled due to WP bullshit:

    Thanks Joseph.

  112. CD Marshall says:

    “Me wonders how many other false allies are out there?”
    Joe found out a long time ago, the real gatekeepers are the ones pretending to be neutral. If you dare question the “greenhouse gas effect” or rather, “their income” they come at you like ravenous wolves.

    Joe, you should repost the comment made here from Christopher Monckton.

  113. Nepal says:

    Kooks, if you maintained a calmer attitude your allies might stay allies. You didn’t get banned because of a scientific disagreement, it was because you shit in the communal cereal.

  114. Nepal says:

    As far as I know PSI is all in

  115. MP says:

    @ Nepal

    The you know that i know in that comment is strong

  116. Nepal says:

    Aren’t they Joe’s people? Maybe I’m wrong

  117. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    No, the kook did the shitting, as he’s been doing for years. I merely pointed out his “shitting in the communal cereal” by his hijacking pseudonyms and real-life names of known climate skeptics (most of those he chooses have proven him wrong at some point); stalking, harassing and attempting to dox and do economic damage to those who’ve proven him wrong; bringing up the same idiotic points that he’s already been refuted on repeatedly (which as I’ve said before, that’s why you have to keep an archive of your refutations of his blather); twisting concepts to fit his odd hobby theory which claims that continual 2LoT violations cause CAGW; and taking quotes out of context in a desperate attempt at bolstering his idiotic contention.

    If your supposed ‘allies’ choose “politeness combined with unscientific drivel used to push a one world ‘build back better’ Marxist government” over “brutal honesty and scientific rigor”, they’re no allies.

    Science isn’t a polite endeavor. Manners in no way come into it. Especially when those who are wrong are knowingly wrong and pushing unscientific sophistry to advance their socialist agenda, refusing to acknowledge that they’ve been refuted many times before and bringing up the same idiotic points. Those types need to be destroyed. That is, after all, the point of being a skeptic. Climate change is merely a vehicle by which the globalist Marxists hope to take total power.

    They’re not going to listen to politeness and reason, they’re going to twist your words to attempt to fool the gullible so as to advance their agenda. The only thing they understand is being proven to be lying scum so they lose credibility with the public. If we’re not allowed to do that, we might as well go full global Marxist, because we’ve already lost. At least then the cull of useful idiots would be over and done with sooner, and we can then wage guerrilla war to regain our freedoms.

  118. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    I mean, the guy literally, on the same day acknowledged the existence of energy density (which he’d previously denied the existence of, and he only acknowledged it because I trapped him in a logical inconsistency), while at the same time denying the existence of energy density gradient; and that while denying that energy density and pressure have the same units, and of course that energy density gradient and pressure gradient have the same units (given his denial of the existence of energy density gradient).

    He did that so he could remain consistent in his claim that energy can flow willy-nilly without regard to the energy density gradient, that energy could flow without an impetus, that energy “has nothing to do with work” (his words), and thus his tacit claim that work has nothing to do with energy (that work can be done without energy having to flow, and that energy can flow without work having to be done)… and all so he can claim that continual 2LoT violations cause CAGW.

    That’s why he introduced his idiotic ball problem, years ago, to begin with, in which two 1 kg balls, colliding at right angles such that one balls strikes squarely upon the second in the direction in which the second ball’s velocity is zero, leading to all of the energy of the first ball being imparted to the second ball… akin to a head-on collision between an slower inciding ball and a faster (but stationary in the plane of motion of the first ball) incided-upon ball… to claim that this example of constructive interference was actually a 2LoT violation, and thus that continual 2LoT violations caused CAGW. He didn’t know that translational mode movement DOF aren’t connected, thus one can partition kinetic energy into each DOF… if a ball is moving in only one DOF, its kinetic energy in the other two DOF is zero.

    After his sophistry was revealed for what it was, he attempted even more sophistry… introducing additional dimensions, claiming that two balls moving in different directions were moving in the same plane, claiming that energy can flow from lower to higher energy density by conflating all 3 DOF with the DOF of the movement of the balls, etc., etc., etc.

    Then he went on to claim that ice can radiatively warm air at a higher temperature, and pulled even more sophistry from his balloonknot to do so. He was destroyed on that, as well.

    Then he started introducing his idiotic ‘just-so’ problems based upon hypotheticals, but never fully giving the initial conditions so the problem couldn’t really be solved, in an attempt at establishing himself as some sort of ‘expert’ so he could attempt to appeal to authority while setting himself up as that ‘authority’… he was summarily destroyed on each attempt.

    Physicist Dr. Charles R. Anderson, PhD especially did a number on the kook’s psyche when he proved that the kook’s blather violated Stefan’s Law and thus violated 1LoT. In a cavity (or outside a cavity), if it is assumed that at thermodynamic equilibrium that the surfaces are absorbing and emitting radiation, not only are you denying the definition of thermodynamic equilibrium as a quiescent state, not only are you claiming that radiative energy transfer is an idealized reversible process (otherwise, entropy would be changing at thermodynamic equilibrium… entropy changes with energy flow, all real-world processes are irreversible processes), but you’d also get twice the energy density in the intervening space as what we would calculate from Stefan’s Law. Anderson proved that the kook’s purported system could never reach the definition of thermodynamic equilibrium because energy is being created in violation of 1LoT. The kook melted down badly from that, attempted to dox Anderson, defamed Anderson for years, bleated about Anderson for years, attempted to do economic damage to Anderson’s materials analysis laboratory.

    But you’ll note that despite all of the above, the kook continues shilling for his unscientific drivel which aligns with mainstream CAGW… either he’s mentally ill, or he’s pushing his tripe with an ulterior agenda, or both.

    If you think about it, his blather is the underlying basis of CAGW in the mainstream sense… as I’ve repeatedly demonstrated, they misuse the S-B equation, using the form meant for idealized blackbody objects upon graybody objects (FYI, the kook denies that graybody objects exist… no idea why. He also self-contradictorily claims that graybody objects emit ‘graybody radiation’, not blackbody radiation, because he’s confused blackbody objects and blackbody radiation) and slapping emissivity onto that (sometimes).

    That’s exactly what they did in the K-T diagram, that’s exactly what they do with their FUBAR “forcing formula” used in IPCC AR6 (which builds-in a warming trend). It’s all unscientific sophistry.

    Of course, their mafemagic sophistry is designed that way for a reason… to shill for the ‘build back better’ agenda being pushed worldwide, because that’s what the politicians are pushing, and the politicians provide the funding to the climastrologists. As they say, 97% of scientists agree with those who are paying them.

    But a simple perusal of the S-B equation shows they’re incorrect. Remembering that energy density and pressure have the same units (and energy density gradient and pressure gradient have the same units) shows they’re incorrect. All action requires an impetus. For water to flow, that impetus is a pressure gradient. Likewise, for energy to flow, that impetus is a pressure gradient in the form of an energy density gradient (same units as pressure gradient).

  119. Nepal says:

    The other guy was obviously bad and rude too, no question he was. Still the commenters are moderators on that site don’t know or care about his history. They just saw you come in and sling about 500 insults in 2 days. Most people don’t like that.

    Science isn’t polite, but it isn’t mean either. When you argue with me I still keep insults to a bare minimum (okay not zero). I don’t think you’d be banned if you kept it under control.

    Just my 2 cents.

  120. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Yeah, we two have a history, ‘evenminded’ and I. That history consists of me drop-kicking the kook across the width and breadth of the internet, him melting down badly and having to take a mental health hiatus, then him partitioning his psychological damage via generating a new persona under a new sockpuppet, and starting right back up at square one with his sophistry. That’s why I’ve archived all of the refutations… I can now predict what he’ll spew next.

    But the mods saw Joe state that the guy’s an idiot, they saw Immortal600 state that the kook is hijacking yet another ‘nym, they saw my message directly to them (with receipts) showing that the kook invades forums to spew his sophistry until he’s booted… and he’s been booted from many. They saw CD Marshall dress the kook down for yet again infesting a forum with his sophistry.

    They consciously chose to side with him, knowing that he was hijacking a ‘nym, knowing that he’s been spewing the same sophistry for years, knowing that he’s been booted from forum after forum after forum for his lies, his stalking, his harassment, his doxing, his shilling for the vehicle which would usher in that one-world ‘build back better’ Marxist government.

    As I said, if your supposed ‘allies’ choose “politeness combined with unscientific drivel used to push a one world ‘build back better’ Marxist government” over “brutal honesty and scientific rigor”, they’re no allies.

  121. It wouldn’t have been conscious. Whatever happened isn’t because they side with this idiot.

  122. MP says:

    To all my children, as the world turns

    Is a good read. It explains the bigger picture.

    Just read the chapter titles first, and you will see it is very relevant now, even tho it is written few decades ago

    No need for infighting / sock puppet accounts

    We got bigger fish to fry, and need a strong collective spirit to defeat them

  123. ashemann says:

    Wouldn’t a fair simple experiment done in a controlled environment answer all questions about c02 and its magical powers.

    Like 2 glass bottles lof the same volume one with 100 percent co2 and one with 100 percent air in them.
    Leave to settle to controlled environments room temperature, both absorbing the same terrestrial radiation for 2 or 3 hours monitoring both bottles gas temperatures constantly.

    Hands up those who think the bottle of co2 will be warmer than room temp.

    That is what the greenhouse effect is all about isn’t it, terrestrial radiation.

  124. ashemann says:

    Oop’s will glass let terrestrial radiation thru, if not, containers that will

  125. CD Marshall says:

    So we are not alone in our views. 4:30 he talks about the ghge and that it does not exist.
    “Greenhouse gases doesn’t exist in physics or chemistry”

  126. CD Marshall says:

    This is the official report.

    Click to access ClimateSaviors.pdf

  127. ashemann says:

    All they ”prove” beyond any doubt CD with their 2 chamber jobs and their lamps is that incoming visible light does all the work warms the c02 molecule on the lit side of our world, who would ever have guessed ..
    Iwill watch that vid later.

  128. MP says:

    Nice paper CDM

    I like this column

    In order to get 1 degree increase of earth surface temperature you need an additional 1.5 degree heating input, since there is also increased cooling

  129. CD Marshall says:

    You may as well know this now.
    Science can be brutal.

    I got on a science site and just read the back and forth and it was absolutely brutal. They would have literally ended up in a fist fight has they been in an actual room. These were all scientists supporting AGW and they mercilessly attacked the scientist that disagreed with them. Absolutely no academic peer respect between them. They even attacked each other for having variable degrees of agreement and disagreements about the science.

  130. Where was that? Let me in that room…I’ll destroy them.

  131. Immortal600 says:

    To Nepal,

    I recommend that you make a post on PSI letting those folks know that your moniker has been hijacked by evenminded. The Mods over there have banned LOL@KKK from posting. I wrote a response disagreeing with it and my post was taken down! Herb rose saw it and responded to me only to have his reply disappear as well.

    Joe, I don’t know if you have any influence with those 3 Mods but what they’ve done is a serious mistake for our cause regardless how LOL behaves!!

  132. Alright, I’ll talk to them.

  133. Send link please to article…forget which one it was.

  134. Oh…was it this one copied on PSI?

  135. Immortal600 says:

    Joe, YES. Thanks for your efforts!!

  136. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    CD Marshall is correct… physicists can be brutal. In order to get the point across to those who deny reality in order that they can hold beliefs which do not comport with reality, sometimes it’s necessary to be so. Especially so when the person not only denies reality, but denies having been refuted multiple times in the past, with all the refutations archived and available online, instead recycling back to the same idiotic arguments they’ve already been refuted on, all to push an obviously agenda-driven hobby hypothesis which demonstrably self-contradicts and violates many fundamental physical laws, and all to fool the scientifically-illiterate to push that agenda.

    We’re not here to be polite, we’re here to be right.

  137. Immortal600 says:

    LOL, you are absolutely correct! Herb Rose replied to me and has the belief that cold can make hot hotter. I didn’t respond even though I disagree with that completely!! The 2nd Law is quite specific that that doesn’t occur. I wonder why smart people can’t get that?

  138. “Hello Mr. Postma,

    here is Nepal’s info:

    52 approved

    So far I haven’t found any hijacking at my end but he alleged to have done so at your end which is a shame if that happened.

    I have warned him twice now for attacks and for discussing moderation actions in public.

    He has posted all 52 posts in that one thread which started on July 26.


    That was “Anna”.

  139. sunsettommy says:

    Anna is Nepal at PSI?

  140. Yes, and many other handles. Nepal here though is known. Nepal at PSI is a handle hijack, pretending to be the same Nepal from here.

  141. sunsettommy says:

    Ok, thanks for the answer.

  142. CD Marshall says:

    “Energy can be generated or lost by the atoms moving around in cyclic paths for which the work done is not zero, and no equilibrium can be maintained. Thermal equilibrium cannot exist if the external forces on the atoms are not conservative.” -A note I found under Feynman lectures.

  143. CD Marshall says:

    Anna, Nepal, Immortal, Alex, evenminded…this entity is either a bot or someone who is mental.

  144. sunsettommy says:

    I am getting the picture, thanks for the information I read here.

  145. MP says:

    @ CD Marshall

    Don’t be surprised if some handles argue with itself

  146. Nepal says:

    Thanks for check. Hopefully the PSI mods get the picture now.

  147. sunsettommy says:

    I have BANNED Nepal

  148. Immortal600 says:

    I am the original Immortal600. The clown used my moniker on Dr. Berry’s website confusing people there. I got that straight with Dr. Berry. The clown hasn’t used my name elsewhere as far as I know. I think that person is mentally ill.

  149. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    CD Marshall wrote:
    ““Energy can be generated or lost by the atoms moving around in cyclic paths for which the work done is not zero, and no equilibrium can be maintained. Thermal equilibrium cannot exist if the external forces on the atoms are not conservative.” -A note I found under Feynman lectures.”

    That’s demonstrating that the forces acting upon the atoms must be conservative. That’s what Boltzmann’s Law is all about.

    Friction and tension force are two examples of nonconservative forces. They are path-dependent (take friction as an example… the path an object experiencing friction takes determines how much energy is lost to friction), whereas a conservative force is not path-dependent (take an ideal spring as an example… it matters not how the spring wobbles or flops, the magnitude of energy it returns as it returns to its resting length is the same magnitude of energy used to compress it).

    The force due to an EM field is a conservative force, gravitational force is a conservative force, conservative forces are responsible for elastic collisions… did I miss anything which acts upon atoms and molecules?

    The relationship between a conservative force and potential energy is that a conservative force is defined as the negative gradient of a potential associated with that force. Mathematically, any conservative force can be expressed through this relationship as F=-∇U.

    A gradient is an operator in vector calculus that acts on a scalar function (the potential in this case) and gives a vector as a result (the force). You’ll note the ‘evenminded’ kook denies this, he claims that taking the derivative of a potential does not elevate tensor rank, hence he claims the electric field is a scalar field, rather than it actually being a Rank 1 vector, one component of a Rank 2 bivector (the EM field). He has a fundamental misunderstanding of gradients and derivatives which, despite my schooling him for months, he found himself utterly unable to ameliorate.

    The fool can’t even get definitions correct… after I trapped him in a logical inconsistency (he claimed ∇v was the gradient of velocity), he backpedaled and correctly stated the derivative as ∇v, while denying it’s the derivative of velocity. He called it “the transpose of the gradient of velocity”… which is the derivative. Even when he stumbles upon the truth, he can’t recognize it. LOL

    A gradient and a derivative are dual (transpose) to (of) each other… one cannot have a gradient without a derivative, nor can one have a derivative without a gradient.

    Given that the gradient and its derivative are dual (transpose) to (of) each other, and given that tensor rank is invariant under transposition, that means that tensor rank escalates for each gradient thusly (with position and velocity as examples):

    ……../ gradient (rank 8) [ᵀ] (rank 8) 8th derivative := drop
    ……./ gradient (rank 7) [ᵀ] (rank 7) 7th derivative := lock
    ……/ gradient (rank 6) [ᵀ] (rank 6) 6th derivative := pop
    …../ gradient (rank 5) [ᵀ] (rank 5) 5th derivative := crackle
    …./ gradient (rank 4) [ᵀ] (rank 4) 4th derivative := snap
    …/ gradient (rank 3) [ᵀ] (rank 3) 3rd derivative := jerk
    ../ gradient (rank 2) [ᵀ] (rank 2) 2nd derivative := acceleration
    ./ gradient (rank 1) [ᵀ] (rank 1) 1st derivative := velocity
    / scalar (rank 0) (affine space position)

    If a tensor has a magnitude and no vector field (i.e., rank 0 tensor), then it is called a scalar and has 1 component in 3-D space and in 4-D space-time.

    If a tensor has a magnitude and one vector field (i.e., rank 1 tensor), then it is called a vector and has 3 components in 3-D space and 4 components in 4-D space-time.

    If a tensor has a magnitude and two vector fields (i.e., rank 2 tensor), then it is called a dyad and has 9 components in 3-D space and 16 components in 4-D space-time.

    If a tensor has a magnitude and three vector fields (i.e.: rank 3 tensor), then it is called a triad and has 27 components in 3-D space and 64 components in 4-D space-time.

    If a tensor has a magnitude and four vector fields (ie: rank 4 tensor), then it is called a tetrad and has 81 components in 3-D space and 256 components in 4-D space-time.

  150. Jopo says:

    Hoping you guys can clarify for me a clumsily written query I have.
    Was just reading a article over at PSI.. full article over at climate depot
    ‘Greenhouse Gas Effect Does Not Exist,’ a Swiss Physicist Challenges Global Warming Climate Orthodoxy

    The author of the paper has summarised:
    “Allmendinger summed up his experimental findings. Allmendinger’s thermal measurements concluded that “any gas absorbs IR—even noble gases do so [like Ar]— being warmed up to a limiting temperature which is achieved when the absorption power is equal to the emission power of the warmed gas.”

    Also sightly off topic other statements he made was of electrons falling back to a ground state giving of light (heat) mmm. Isnt that charged energy.

    Back to my query.

    How does a particular molecule O2 for example absorb infrared radiation as stated by Allmendinger.
    Is the key to the molecule is being in the right place at the right time. And this can be achieved by being at the right distance from the point of emission due to the frequency changes (doppler effect) whether moving away or moving towards an energy packet?

    Sorry if this has already been covered. Have to learn at my pace. i cant keep up with you guys. There is a lagged absorption into brain matter going on here.

  151. CD Marshall says:

    Thanks Kooks

  152. CD Marshall says:

    Yes I know you’re the ONE true immortal600. I remember back then on Dr. Berry’s site.
    It does make me wonder if this person gets paid for this.

  153. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:


    Monoatomics (such as Ar) have no vibrational mode quantum states, thus they cannot absorb IR radiation. I’m not sure what he’s saying there, or how he comes to the conclusion that Ar can absorb IR. If what he states were true, we’d see a radiation signature in the atmosphere for Ar.

    His statement:
    “As we know today, photometric absorption is accompanied by the (quantized) excitation of electrons being followed by a light emission, due to the back-jumping of the excited electrons into the ground state. This electronic jumping maybe–but needs not be–associated with vibrations or rotations of the nuclei in the molecule. In solid bodies, and to a certain extent also in fluid media, these vibrations or rotations are not independent but coupled. However, in gases they are widely independent since the molecules or atoms are moving around obeying statistical laws, whereby their mean kinetic translational energy is proportional to their absolute temperature.”

    … is incorrect. IR absorption which excites vibrational mode and rotational mode quantum states have nearly nothing to do with the bound electron electronic mode quantum states (except for equipartitioning of energy across the quantum states). IR is simply too weak to affect electronic mode quantum states.

    Further, his statement:
    “any IR-activity of molecules or atoms requires a shift of the electric dipole moment, so that two-atomic homo-nuclear molecules (like O2 or N2) are always IR-active.”

    … is incorrect. Homonuclear diatomics are not always IR-active.

    Homonuclear diatomics (such as O2 and N2) have a net-zero magnetic dipole and thus cannot absorb or emit IR unless that net-zero magnetic dipole is perturbed via collision, and at the moment of collision, a resonant photon incides upon the molecule. It is claimed, because N2 has a much higher concentration than CO2, that this collisional perturbation causes N2 to absorb / emit approximately as much IR as CO2 (although at a different wavelength, of course).

    And of course, polyatomics are the radiative molecules (such as CO2 and H2O). They can absorb and emit IR, but this is temperature dependent… if the combined translational mode energy of two colliding molecules or atoms (one CO2, one any other atom or molecule) is greater than the energy necessary to excite the lowest vibrational mode quantum state, per 2LoT, energy will flow from translational mode to vibrational mode, whereupon it will be radiatively emitted. This is what I refer to as a radiative molecule’s ‘transition temperature’ (not related to phase change… it pertain to the temperature at which a radiative molecule will switch roles from thermalization to that of gaining energy via collision and radiatively emitting it).

    The ‘transition temperature’ of any given radiative molecular species is dependent upon the differential between:

    1) the combined translational mode energy of two colliding molecules,


    2) the lowest vibrational mode quantum state energy of the radiative molecule.

    When 2) > 1), energy flows from vibrational mode to translational mode, which is a warming process.

    When 1) > 2), energy flows from translational mode to vibrational mode, which is a cooling process.

    1) If the combined translational mode energy of two colliding molecules is higher than the vibrational mode energy of a vibrationally ground-state radiative molecule participating in that collision, energy will flow to the vibrational mode of the radiative molecule, in accord with 2LoT. This decreases atmospheric temperature.

    2) If the combined translational mode energy of two colliding molecules is higher than the vibrational mode energy of a vibrationally-excited radiative molecule participating in that collision, no energy can flow either way, in accord with 2LoT and the Equipartition Theorem. This has no effect upon atmospheric temperature unless the combined translational mode energy of the two colliding molecules is sufficiently high to excite the radiative molecule to an even higher vibrational mode quantum state, in accord with the Equipartition Theorem, and in that case, it would decrease atmospheric temperature.

    3) If the combined translational mode energy of two colliding molecules is lower than the vibrational mode energy of a vibrationally-ground state radiative molecule participating in that collision, no energy can flow either way in accord with the Equipartition Theorem. This has no effect upon atmospheric temperature.

    4) If the combined translational mode energy of two colliding molecules is lower than the vibrational mode energy of a vibrationally-excited radiative molecule participating in the collision, energy flows from vibrational to translational mode, in accord with 2LoT. This increases atmospheric temperature.

    An increased atmospheric CO2 concentration will, below its transition temperature, cause more collisional v-t (vibrational-translational) warming; and will, above its transition temperature, cause more radiative cooling. This damps temperature excursions and moderates atmospheric temperature closer to CO2’s transition temperature.

    The atmosphere obeys the fundamental physical laws, after all.

    This is somewhat like what the article claims:
    “Allmendinger’s thermal measurements concluded that “any gas absorbs IR—even noble gases do so [like Ar]— being warmed up to a limiting temperature which is achieved when the absorption power is equal to the emission power of the warmed gas.””

    I suspect that Allmendinger didn’t take into account conduction and collisional translational energy transfer, which in the case of monoatomics would be what warms the gas, not absorption of IR. The IR would be absorbed by the container’s walls, the walls would warm, the gas would collide with the walls and gain energy, that energy would be ‘smeared out’ over the entirety of the gas via collisions.

    The “emission power” in the case of monoatomics could only be energy lost to the greater environment via the walls, as, again, monoatomics have no vibrational mode quantum states and thus cannot absorb nor emit IR.

  154. CD Marshall says:

    In that paper I cited:
    ” CO2 and other IR-active gases cannot supply any additional
    heating power to the earth. Therefore, they cannot be a cause
    of “global warming”. This fact alone disproves the greenhouse
    doctrine. “

  155. CD Marshall says:

    Joseph E Postma
    It was a while ago and I’m pretty sure it was in regards to the predicted global cooling which she was bullied into retracting her paper.

  156. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Joseph E Postma wrote:

    That’s Spectrum (Charter Communications).

    That IP address geolocates to Lakeway, TX, a suburb of Austin, TX..

    That IP address is not a Tor address:
    “Clean IP – Not A Tor Connection
    This IP address is not a Tor node or Tor exit.”

    I’ve got an address, but I’ll withhold it until I can verify it further.

    The above is known… the below was last updated 01 Nov 2021 and thus may be out of date.
    Owner website: garthan.talsever.org

    That leads to:
    … which is dead, so we’ll go to the Wayback Machine…
    “Original material copyright © 2004-2006 A. A. Lewis”
    Amelia A. Lewis, Talsever
    “I have been an independent Wedding Planner in Austin for 10 years now in which I have had the opportunity to coordinate many successful weddings. I have always enjoyed planning and organizing events ever since I was a little girl; I have a knack for it and a keen eye. I am known to be a perfectionist and never do anything half-heartedly. I have a B.A. in Business with an emphasis Marketing.”

    If the above is not out of date, the ‘evenminded’ kook is a wedding planner in a suburb of Austin, TX.

  157. CD Marshall says:

    Unless the ad is fake or redirected. I know a hacker (er cyber security employee) who redirects personal hacks to religious sites. However, I may be giving them too much credit.

  158. sunsettommy says:

    Guys NEPAL at PSI is already banned.

  159. Immortal600 says:

    sunsettommy, are you a mod over there?

  160. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Immortal600 wrote:
    “The 2nd Law is quite specific that that doesn’t occur. I wonder why smart people can’t get that?”

    The institutions of higher learning used to inform their students that the methodology of calculating radiant exitance as used by the warmists was just a shortcut way of doing it, that it could only be used to calculate net radiant exitance, but that it did so by assuming emission for each graybody object to 0 K, and thus it inflated radiant exitance for all objects… the incorrect values were carried through the calculation and canceled on the back end, giving the net.

    Why did they teach it this way, rather than the correct way of subtracting cooler object energy density from warmer object energy density? Because class time is limited and getting in depth into thermodynamics and radiative energy flow takes time, and most people cannot think in terms of energy, energy density and energy density gradient… so they taught them a shortcut.

    They should have equated energy density to pressure (same units) and energy density gradient to pressure gradient (same units), and properly taught that all action requires an impetus… in the case of water, that impetus to flow is a pressure gradient; in the case of energy, that impetus to flow is likewise a pressure gradient in the form of energy density gradient. But again, that takes time they don’t have, what with being busy inculcating students on colonialism, racism, white supremacy and LGBT drivel nowadays. By all rights, every single university graduate for the past 15 years should sue their alma mater for their tuition money back… kids are coming out of college dumber than when they went in (demonstrably so… there’s a study about that out there somewhere). That’s the student loan debt relief they truly need.

    Then they stopped telling students that it was a shortcut. And that’s how we got to where we are… with people believing that fundamental physical laws can be violated willy-nilly, with these same people doing the calculations but not really understanding the underlying physical processes which brought about those formulae, and now we’ve reached the point where the bit-rot is so bad that people cannot even spot an obvious scam predicated upon that shortcut turned mathematical fraudery, even when it’s pointed out to them, instead arguing that what they were mistaught must be gospel truth.

    Idealized Blackbody Object (assumes emission to 0 K and ε = 1):
    q_bb = ε σ (T_h^4 – T_c^4) Ah
    = 1 σ (T_h^4 – 0 K) 1 m2
    = σ T4

    Graybody Object (assumes emission to > 0 K and ε < 1):
    q_gb = ε σ (T_h^4 – T_c^4) Ah

    The ‘Ah’ term is merely a multiplier, used if one is calculating for an area larger than unity [for instance: >1 m^2], which converts the result from radiant exitance (W m-2, radiant flux per unit area) to radiant flux (W).

    Temperature is equal to the fourth root of energy density divided by Stefan’s Constant (ie: the radiation constant).
    e = T^4 a
    a = 4σ/c
    e = T^4 4σ/c
    T^4 = e/(4σ/c)
    T = 4^√(e/(4σ/c))
    T = 4^√(e/a)

    Since we’re using the Kelvin temperature scale, which has its base at 0 K, we can calculate temperature (and thus energy density) as above. Energy density at 0 K is zero, thus temperature at zero energy density is, of course, 0 K.

    q = ε σ (T_h^4 – T_c^4)

    ∴ q = ε σ ((e_h / (4σ / c)) – (e_c / (4σ / c))) A_h

    Canceling units, we get J sec-1 m-2, which is W m-2 (1 J sec-1 = 1 W).
    W m-2 = W m-2 K-4 * (Δ(J m-3 / (W m-2 K-4 / m sec-1)))

    ∴ q = (ε c (e_h – e_c)) / 4

    One can easily see from the equation above that the S-B equation is actually all about subtracting cooler object energy density from warmer object energy density, given that temperature is a measure of energy density.

    Canceling units, we get J sec-1 m-2, which is W m-2 (1 J sec-1 = 1 W).
    W m-2 = (m sec-1 (ΔJ m-3)) / 4

    For graybody objects, it is the energy density differential (ie: the energy density gradient) between warmer object and cooler object which determines warmer object radiant exitance. The climate alarmists misinterpret the S-B radiant exitance equation for graybody objects. Warmer objects don’t absorb radiation from cooler objects (a violation of 2LoT in the Clausius Statement sense and Stefan’s Law); the lower energy density gradient between warmer and cooler objects (as compared to between warmer object and 0 K) lowers radiant exitance of the warmer object (as compared to its radiant exitance if it were emitting to 0 K). The energy density gradient is brought about because each surface’s energy density manifests a proportional radiation pressure, that EM field gradient extending into the space between objects.

    The S-B equation for graybody objects isn’t meant to be used to subtract a fictive ‘cooler to warmerenergy flow from the incorrectly-calculated and thus too high ‘warmer to coolerenergy flow, it’s meant to be used to subtract cooler object energy density (temperature is a measure of energy density, the fourth root of energy density divided by Stefan’s constant) from warmer object energy density. Radiant exitance of the warmer object is predicated upon the energy density gradient.

    For more information and corroboration:

  161. LOL@Klimate Katastrophe Kooks says:

    Claes Johnson gets it:

    In earlier posts I have shown that a pyrgeometer is a ghost detector, which reports massive DWLR from a formula of the form

    DWLR = pyrgeometer measurement + OLWR (1)

    where OLWR is assumed to be Outgoing Long Wave Radiation from the instrument into a background of zero Kelvin according to Planck’s Law. But OLWR is a fictional massive ghost radiation since the instrument is communicating with the atmosphere and not the zero Kelvin outer space.

    What the pyrgeometer actually measures is in fact the temperature difference between the warmer Earth surface and the somewhat colder atmosphere (but not outer space at zero Kelvin), which is of moderate size and according to Stefan-Boltzmann’s law scales with the heat transfer from the Earth surface to the colder atmosphere.

    The pyrgeometer thus measures a moderate heat transfer from Earth surface to atmosphere, which together with the massive fictional non-physical OLWR of size 390 Watts/m2 at mean Earth surface temperature around 15 C, becomes massive fictional non-physical DWLR of size 280-400 Watts/m2 as reported by (1) as the postulated physics of a fictional non-physical Greenhouse Effect.

    That’s exactly what I’ve been stating… the climastrologists misuse the S-B equation, using the form intended for idealized blackbody objects (q = σ T^4) upon graybody objects, and slapping emissivity onto that (sometimes… q = ε σ T^4).

    Because that’s calculating for emission to 0 K, it inflates radiant exitance for all graybody objects. In order to balance the equation, the climastrologists must carry these incorrect values through the calculation and subtract them on the back end to get the net radiant exitance.

    But doing so is, in effect, subtracting a wholly-fictive ‘cooler to warmerenergy flow from the real (but calculated for emission to 0 K and thus too high) ‘warmer to coolerenergy flow.

    The S-B equation for graybody objects isn’t meant to be used to subtract a fictive ‘cooler to warmerenergy flow from the incorrectly-calculated and thus too high ‘warmer to coolerenergy flow, it’s meant to be used to subtract cooler object energy density (temperature is a measure of energy density, the fourth root of energy density divided by Stefan’s constant) from warmer object energy density. Radiant exitance of the warmer object is predicated upon the energy density gradient.

    They’ve now incorporated this incorrectitude into pyrgeometers and FTIR spectrometers in order to advance their unscientific agenda.

    In short, the scientific arena (and specifically climate science) needs a purge of the Marxists, leftists and grant trough-grubbing charlatans. The more they’re allowed to destroy civilization with their anti-human death cult, the closer we come to that which Tom Wils spoke of way back in 2007.

    “What if climate change appears to be just mainly a multi-decadal natural fluctuation? They’ll kill us probably…” – Tom Wils, via email (ClimateGate), Swansea University, 2007.

    Clean up your science to reflect reality, climastrologists, or the populace will take action. If you think that by retiring you’ll escape, you’re sadly mistaken. We won’t forget those who were responsible for attempting to help usher in a Marxist totalitarian government and thus to destroy free civilization.

  162. Zelator says:

    We NEVER FORGET. Expect us! :You have been warned lol

  163. sunsettommy says:

    Immortal asked:

    “sunsettommy, are you a mod over there?”


    I am the new Administrator who Banned Nepal at PSI.

  164. Jopo says:

    OK I am sure you guys have probably discussed this along the lines . But for me i just cottoned onto it. Wow. This is a continuation and learning curve for me. As per J. Cuttance comments a few threads ago followed up by Joe highlighting J Cuttance’s alerting others of the correlation of the orbital velocity of earth and the correlation to the speed of light (as seen from earth)
    This is my stuff on the other planets. Data obtained from NASA’s Horizons site.
    If the pic comes out to small or blurry I can repost if required. Sorry for stating the obvious to you guys. For me this is bit of a moment. Nothing is random!
    Data is based on monthly data for earth but of the planets mentioned and for 120 years

  165. Jopo says:

    Looks a tad blurry

  166. Nepal says:


    That’s funny, I thought it shouldn’t be a straight line. For a circular orbit, Kepler’s law says T is proportional to r^(3/2). Distance traveled is proportional to r. Then speed would be prop to 1/sqrt(r).

    In other words, speed should be prop to 1/sqrt(orbital distance traveled), at least for roughly circular orbits. That’s different from your graph.

    Can you show where you got your numbers? They look different from here .

  167. Nepal says:

    A simpler problem is that the orbital speeds of planets decrease for bigger orbits, but these numbers show them increasing.

  168. Immortal600 says:


    Thanks for your reply. I know not to discus your duties on the forum over there. Thanks for getting rid of the fake ‘Nepal’. Great website, BTW.

  169. Jopo says:

    Hi Nepal.

    I stuffed up. After double checking just now I can see what I did. A BIG mistake actually. Intrigued with 3E+08 though?
    Unsure as to why / how i used the Earth time period as a reference for all the planets.

    My apologies to anyone who wasted there time reading it.

  170. ashemann says:

    So it wasn’t this Nepal that claimed to be 16 in the early days then ?

  171. Nepal says:

    Jopo, no worries.

    ashemann, that is me. Not 16 anymore though.

  172. CD Marshall says:

    These idiots are still arguing the equation Delta U = Q + W can be changed any way and mean the same thing.

    So they believe…
    Delta Q = U + W
    Delta W = U + Q
    Delta Q = W + U
    Delta W= Q + U

  173. Yah that’s retarded.

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